June 2012
Saferworld
Saferworld

This month we share local people’s perspectives on four diverse conflicts around the world, gathered as part of the People’s Peacemaking Perspectives project. In Kenya we find worrying signs that the root causes of the 2008 political violence remain unaddressed. Meanwhile in Uganda remote communities in the Karamoja region continue to fear armed attacks by cattle raiders, despite government claims that the situation has improved. In Pakistan many local people believe that a reformed Jirga system (traditional gathering of elders) has the potential to transform conflicts.  And in the wake of a recent deadly clash on the Armenia-Azerbaijan border we discuss small practical steps to improve the lives of people living in the disputed territory of Nagorny Karabakh.  

 

Also this month we examine a new UK initiative to prevent sexual violence in conflict-affected states. We look at the impact on local communities of the hardening conflict divide between Georgia and South Ossetia/Tskhinvali Region. And we report back on a conference at which officials and civil society from South Sudan discussed in practical terms how China can promote peace and development in the country.  Finally, as the UN gears up for negotiations on the Arms Trade Treaty next month, we look at how violence in Somalia highlights the need for better regulation of the global arms trade.

Reducing frontline tensions in Armenia and Azerbaijan, Nagorny Karabakh

A political resolution may still be elusive, but some practical steps could improve the lives of people living on the frontline and are much needed. A recent deadly clash between soldiers on the Armenia-Azerbaijan border underlines the need for urgent measures to address the situation. 

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New UK initiative to prevent sexual violence in conflict is just the start

A new team of UK experts is to be set up and deployed to gather evidence and testimony to prosecute crimes of sexual violence in conflict-affected states. This renewed commitment from the UK government on this important issue is welcome, but to really make a difference this move must be part of a more holistic approach to tackling sexual violence.

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Evolving perceptions of security in Shida Kartli

New research findings from Shida Kartli, a region in Georgia adjacent to the Administrative Boundary Line with South Ossetia/Tskhinvali Region, show an improvement in the physical safety of the local community but a 'hardening' of the conflict divide is placing increasing strain on livelihoods.

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Roundtable calls on China to play more active role in preventing conflict in South Sudan and Sudan

The Chinese government and Chinese companies are committed to promoting economic development in South Sudan, but could play a more active role in preventing conflict. This was the message from officials and civil society from South Sudan at a Saferworld-hosted roundtable discussion in Juba held on 30 May 2012.

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Somalia: a clear demonstration of why Britain’s interests lie in a robust ATT

Continued violence in Somalia vividly highlights the need for stronger regulation of the global trade in conventional arms. It also underlines how Britain’s own interests lie firmly in securing a robust Arms Trade Treaty at the UN negotiations in July.

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