Gender, land and conflict in Moroto
Results from testing Gender Analysis of Conflict Toolkit, in Moroto District in Karamoja, Uganda
Karamoja, in North Eastern Uganda, has seen considerable changes in recent years in relation to both conflict dynamics and the gendered behaviours of women and men. Despite a decrease in previous high levels of armed violence, many of the underlying causes of conflict and insecurity remain unaddressed. The current period of relative stability has also brought new challenges, including those resulting from the activities of multinational companies mining for gold, marble and limestone.
Saferworld and the Uganda Land Alliance (ULA) conducted research in March in Moroto District, Karamoja, as part of a pilot process to test a toolkit for gender analysis of conflict. This briefing explores how gender norms – the ways in which societies pressure their male and female members to behave – are influencing conflict dynamics in Moroto.
The briefing also looks at the impact of current conflicts on women and men and the different roles they have been playing. The analysis examines conflicts at the community, family and interpersonal levels, with a focus on land and extractive industries as two of the most salient current conflicts in Moroto.
Watch a video from the research here.
Saferworld’s toolkit is designed to be complementary to Conciliation Resources’ Gender and conflict analysis toolkit for peacebuilders, which can be downloaded here.
Date: June 2016
Author: Saferworld, Uganda Land Alliance (ULA)
What this study has shown is that powerlessness in the face of mining companies and their government backers further exacerbates a pre-existing sense of emasculation and injustice felt by many men in Moroto, which could lead to more serious outbreaks of violence.