Still time to act: Rising conflict fears in Kosovo
Public perceptions of safety, security, and security and justice providers in Kosovo at the end of 2011
Still time to act: rising conflict fears in Kosovo tracks public perceptions of safety and security. It was produced with input from the Kosovo Law Institute and is based on qualitative and quantitative data collected through a Kosovo-wide household survey and focus group discussions.
Key findings of the report point to a serious decline in public perceptions of safety and security. The 2011 survey indicates how the lingering electoral crisis and the continuing tensions in Northern Kosovo impacted on security perceptions. Divides between the Kosovo Government in Prishtinë/Priština and the Kosovo Serb population in the North have widened, while across all ethnic groups fears of violent conflict resuming in the next five years have increased; one finding showed that more than 50% of respondents believe that a special status for Northern Kosovo would adversely affect security. On a local level, perceptions were more encouraging, with the majority feeling safe within their neighbourhoods and less likely to be interested in acquiring firearms than in 2010; instead, concerns focused on pollution, traffic, and infrastructure.
Overall, the results show that people continue to believe their institutions are dominated by inefficiency, lack of accountability, and corruption. This extends to involvement of the international community, with a significant lack of trust in the EU Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo, for reasons which include its failure to deliver on its core mandate and to prosecute so-called ‘big fishes’, and possibly to opposition among sections of society to the 2009 arrest of former Kosovo Liberation Army fighters.
Key recommendations to the Government of Kosovo highlight the need to improve transparency, responsiveness and accountability in governance, the judiciary, and the security sector; initiating dialogue with Kosovo Serbs in the North of Kosovo; and using the EU accession process to articulate a common vision for Kosovo. The report also suggests strengthening the relationship between political actors, non-governmental organisations, and civil society to ensure that people’s concerns are addressed.
Read the full report here.
Date: October 2012
It is a little better but it is not as good as it could have been. Tomorrow depends upon today, whether it will be good or not, and it depends on what we do to strengthen the rule of law.
Kosovo Albanian male, Ferizaj/Uroševac