Somalia has experienced violent conflict for nearly three decades, perpetuated by multiple disputes and grievances as well as a wide array of participating conflict parties – all of which have evolved and changed with time. Recent political developments, such as the selection of a new president and parliament and the establishment of federal member states, along with anticipated future events like the withdrawal of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) and one person one vote elections in 2021, mean that there is a need to reflect on the most effective ways to address conflict and to understand what opportunities may exist for peacebuilding in the future.
Building on existing research in Jubaland, Saferworld is looking at the need to reach political agreements in Somalia that can help create peace and stability. Our research, which will span South West State, Jubaland and Benadir will analyse current political and conflict dynamics and changes to the context that could help or hurt potential peace agreements. It will also analyse best practice from other countries’ approaches to conflict including Algeria, Colombia, Afghanistan and Sierra Leone. Understanding both successes and failures from these cases, and then reviewing the analysis for use within Somalia will help build a body of knowledge that can guide recommendations to build a lasting peace.