Assessing conflict in earthquake-affected districts of Nepal

Following the 2015 earthquake, the Nepali government has struggled to provide adequate support and services for those affected by the destruction. Many Nepalis felt disappointed by the government’s lack of preparedness and were critical of their approach to coordinating relief and reconstruction efforts.

Despite the adoption of a more progressive constitution in recent years and a change of governance structures, these frustrations have the potential to escalate tensions in the coming months and years, reviving long-held grievances that have lingered since the end of the civil war in 2006.

This report – based on field research in the three earthquake-affected districts of Gorkha, Sindhupalchok and Dhading – looks at some of the tensions in the country, including perceptions of aid management and relief distribution. It outlines concrete steps and recommendations for how the government, civil society groups, politicians and donors can help prevent an escalation of conflict.

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This report was made possible thanks to the generous support of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency - Sida.

“The delay in reconstruction of damaged homes, complacency by local authorities in delivering quality services to the people and a lack of prevention of environmental degradation, as well as failure by security bodies to check localised incidences of crime and violence (including GBV) could lead to an escalation of tensions and lead to conflict ”