In Kenya, a scarcity of common access resources – especially water and pasture – is a key driver of conflict, particularly in Northern Kenya. Climate change has significantly increased instances of conflict; as drought cycles get longer and rainfall patterns become more sporadic, competition for resources grows. Gaps in policy and legislative frameworks, particularly in the arid and semi-arid lands, have resulted in little guidance on how to find out about and address community needs around natural resource management, especially during times of scarcity (such as drought), leaving communities vulnerable to clashes over water and pasture.
With partners, we work with county government authorities in Northern Kenya to better address the effects of climate change, particularly around natural resources and conflicts associated with scarcity and competition for resources. We also help communities to collectively engage with county authorities to address challenges associated with climate change. Since July 2018, we have supported a policymaking process with the Samburu county executive and assembly, which will result in a legislative framework that incorporates community priorities and perspectives and which offers practical solutions to ensure structured access and sustainable use of grazing and rangeland resources. We have also supported the strengthening of regional peace infrastructure in Northern Kenya to alleviate conflicts in the region – for example, by supporting the formation of the Peace and Cohesion Sector Forum within the Frontier Counties Development Council.
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